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'PDA' stands for the

"Pregnancy Discrimination Act"
(ie, 42 USC §2000e(k))

Source:ABA = the American Bar Association
What:'PDA' is the shorthand for 42 USC §2000e(k)
Where:EEO Law Basics 1-B
How:via amendment to Title VII
Why:Combat sex discrimination on the basis of pregnancy/childbirth/etc.
Basically - in the context of employment discrimination - the abbreviation 'PDA' is a shorthand way to refer to 42 USC §2000e(k); which was amended in 1978 to include protections for pregnancy/childbirth/etc.

EXAMPLE A (Jane Doe)

Jane Doe works for Company XYZ. Who fires her shortly after she discloses her pregnancy. So, she files a charge of discrimination with the EEOC.

At the conclusion of the EEOC's investigation [into her sex discrimination charge], the federal agency sends her a Notice of Right to Sue. She thereby files suit in federal court (under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964).

In her civil complaint, she cites the PDA (ie, 42 USC §2000e(k)) as the legal grounds for her lawsuit. Her lawsuit proceeds.


(k) The terms “because of sex” or “on the basis of sex” include, but are not limited to, because of or on the basis of pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions; and women affected by pregnancy, childbirth, or related medical conditions shall be treated the same for all employment-related purposes, including receipt of benefits under fringe benefit programs, as other persons not so affected but similar in their ability or inability to work, and nothing in section 2000e–2(h) of this title shall be interpreted to permit otherwise. This subsection shall not require an employer to pay for health insurance benefits for abortion, except where the life of the mother would be endangered if the fetus were carried to term, or except where medical complications have arisen from an abortion: Provided, That nothing herein shall preclude an employer from providing abortion benefits or otherwise affect bargaining agreements in regard to abortion.


Congratulations! You're now booked up on what PDA means (in the context of employment discrimination)!

Please get the justice you deserve.


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