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1 PJI 4 | Third Circuit (US)
HB-PJI-CA03-01S0400 Download


During the trial it may be necessary for me to talk with the lawyers out of your hearing by having a bench conference. If that happens, please be patient.

We are not trying to keep important information from you. These conferences are necessary for me to fulfill my responsibility, which is to be sure that evidence is presented to you correctly under the law.

We will, of course, do what we can to keep the number and length of these conferences to a minimum. [While we meet, I will invite you to stand up and stretch and take a short break or perhaps even call a recess if it is a lengthy issue, and permit you to go downstairs for a break.]

I may not always grant an attorney's request for a conference. Do not consider my granting or denying a request for a conference as any indication of my opinion of the case or of what your verdict should be.

COMMENT This instruction is derived from First Circuit (Criminal) 1.05; 8th Circuit 1.03; and former Ninth Circuit 2.2. Cf. Ninth Circuit 1.18. For a shortened version of this instruction, see Fifth Circuit 2.7:
At times during the trial it may be necessary for me to talk with the lawyers here at the bench out of your hearing, or by calling a recess. We meet because often during a trial something comes up that doesn't involve the jury.

(Last Updated October 2017)

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Please get the justice you deserve.


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