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a wrong; a private or civil wrong or injury resulting from a breach of a legal duty that exists by virtue of society's expectations regarding interpersonal conduct, rather than by contract or other private relationship. The essential elements of a tort are existence of a legal duty owed by defendant to plaintiff, breach of that duty and a causal relation between defendant's conduct and the resulting damage to plaintiff. See also derivative tort. EXAMPLE: Chandler places a large object on a railroad track to see what happens when it is hit by an oncoming train. The train derails in a set of circumstances that would not have occurred if there had been no object on the track. Chandler has committed an intentional tort agains the railroad and its passengers. He committed a crime as well. Source: Barron's Dictionary of Legal Terms, Steven H. Gifis, 5th Edition; © 2016

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