statements, in logical and legal form, of the facts that constitute plaintiff's
cause of action and defendant's ground of defense. Pleadings are other allegations by the parties affirming
or denying certain matters of fact, or other statements in support or derogation of certain principles of law, which are intended to describe
to the court or jury the real matter in dispute.
AFFIRMATIVE PLEADINGS: any defensive pleadings that affirmatively allege the existence of facts, rather than
merely deny the existence of the facts alleged by the plaintiff. For instance, if a plaintiff alleges the nonpayment of a promissory
note, the defendant may deny that the note exists, or he may affirmatively plead that the note has been paid.
AMENDED PLEADINGS: pleadings submitted to the court later in time than the original pleadings and which correct
the original pleadings or arguments therein, such as by the addition of a cause of action or a defense
PLEADINGS IN THE ALTERNATIVE:
RESPONSIVE PLEADINGS: answers that either admit or deny the allegations contained in the complaint, and thus
respond to them, rather than raise grounds upon which the complaint should be dismissed, such as the expiration of the
Statute of Limitations.
SUPPLEMENTAL PLEADINGS: pleadings that assert a claim or a defense based upon events occurring after the
filing of the original pleading which they supplement.
Source: Barron's Dictionary of Legal Terms, Steven H. Gifis, 5th Edition; © 2016