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federal court doctrine whereby a plaintiff, notwithstanding the limitations of federal question jurisdiction, may rely uopon both federal and nonfederal grounds for the relief sought in a complaint. Thus, where the plaintiff joins a federal claim with a a state law claim based on closely related or identical conduct of the defendant, the federal courts have jurisdiction to hear and determine the state law claims as well as those arising under federal law. See abstention; jurisdiction [PENDENT JURISDICTION].
Compare ancillary jurisdiction. Source: Barron's Dictionary of Legal Terms, Steven H. Gifis, 5th Edition; © 2016