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one kind of original jurisdiction that allows
federal courts to hear cases wherein the application of something in the Constitution, laws or
treaties of the United States is being disputed.
see also diversity of citizenship Source: Barron's Dictionary of Legal Terms, Steven H. Gifis, 5th Edition; © 2016
"The Costello litigation was a class action suit certified under Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 23. We note that the Federal Rules of Civil Procedure do not create an independent basis for federal subject matter jurisdiction. See Fed.R.Civ.P. 82. See also Creswell v. Sullivan Cromwell, 922 F.2d 60, 70 (2nd Cir. 1990) (Federal Rules do not create independent basis for federal question jurisdiction); Pineville Real Estate Operation Corp. v. Michael, 32 F.3d 88, 90 (4th Cir. 1994) (same)."
- Diaz v. Sheppard, 85 F.3d 1502 (11th Cir. 1996)