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To assign legal responsibility for the act of another, because of the relationship between those made liable and the actor, rather than because of participation in or knowledge of the act. See vicarious liability. Source: Barron's Dictionary of Legal Terms, Steven H. Gifis, 5th Edition; © 2016
"Section 144 requires “personal bias or prejudice” against a party.8 No bias or prejudice personal to Foster and Buskey is set out. They seek disqualification on an imputation theory — the bias against their lawyer is imputed to them.9 Read broadly, this peremptory challenge type approach would bid fair to decimate the bench. Lawyers, once in controversy with a judge, would have a license under which the judge would serve at their will."
- Davis v. Mobile County, 517 F.2d 1044 (5th Cir.1975)