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clearly insufficient as a matter of law; presenting no debatable question. A claim is frivolous if it is insufficient because unsupported by the facts or because the law recognizes no remedy for the claim. Source: Barron's Dictionary of Legal Terms, Steven H. Gifis, 5th Edition; ©
""A claim is frivolous if it is without arguable merit either in law or fact." Bilal v. Driver, 251 F.3d 1346, 1349 (11th Cir. 2001). In the context of 28 U.S.C. § 1915(e)(2)(B)(i), we have held "[a] district court may conclude a case has little or no chance of success and dismiss the complaint before service of process when it determines from the face of the complaint that the factual allegations are 'clearly baseless' or that the legal theories are 'indisputably meritless.'" Carroll v. Gross, 984 F.2d 392, 393 (11th Cir. 1993)."
"Factors considered important in determining whether a claim is frivolous also include:
(1) whether the plaintiff established a prima facie case;

(2) whether the defendant offered to settle; and

(3) whether the trial court dismissed the case prior to trial or held a full-blown trial on the merits.
"In applying these criteria, it is important that a district court resist the understandable temptation to engage in post hoc reasoning by concluding that, because a plaintiff did not ultimately prevail, his action must have been unreasonable or without foundation. This kind of hindsight logic could discourage all but the most airtight claims, for seldom can a prospective plaintiff be sure of ultimate success. No matter how honest one's belief that he has been the victim of discrimination, no matter how meritorious one's claim may appear at the outset, the course of litigation is rarely predictable. Decisive facts may not emerge until discovery or trial. The law may change or clarify in the midst of litigation. Even when the law or the facts appear questionable or unfavorable at the outset, a party may have an entirely reasonable ground for bringing suit.
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