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EXPLANATION: "ABOVE" vs "SUPRA"

"Supra" means "Above". So, why use "Supra"?

Reason #1: "Supra" has a specific legal meaning, while "Above" can be ambiguous;

 Supra always means a prior part of a written text (ie, "above this paragraph").
 Above usually means a prior part of a written text (ie, "above this paragraph").
 However, sometimes, Above means a higher court (ie, "the appellate court").


Reason #2: "Supra" is a short/simple word (compared to other latin terms);

Reason #3: Using "Supra" will indicate that you are willing to fight to the end.
 Fighting to the end ≈ going through the appellate process.

Example A (An Ambiguous use of "Above"):

"Fact 555: Plaintiff had blah blah blah..."
"Law: The court above says that Plaintiff deserves X-Y-Z (see Fact 555, above)."


Analysis:
This passage used the word "above" twice in one sentence. The first time it meant an appellate court; and the second time it meant a previous portion of the same document.

Problem:
Ambiguity.
Moreover, every subsequent citation of that passage will increase confusion.

Solution:
Use "supra" instead (see Example B, infra)

Example B (Clear use of "Above" and "Supra"):

"Fact 555: Plaintiff had blah blah blah..."
"Law: The court above says that Plaintiff deserves X-Y-Z (see Fact 555, supra)."


Analysis:
This passage cites itself; while making clear that its legal application comes from a higher court.

Benefit:
Clear. Simple.
Both the appellate court and the trial court will understand what you're saying.

TBD recommends using "Supra" in your legal writing (especially at the trial court level)!

Please get the justice you deserve.

Sincerely,



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