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the opinion rendered by a jury, or a judge where there is no jury,
on a question of fact. A verdict differs from a judgment in that a verdict is not a
judicial determination, but rather a finding of fact that the
trial court may accept or reject and utilize in formulating its judgment.
COMPROMISE VERDICT: a verdict resulting from improper surrender of one juror's opinion to another on a material issue.
DIRECTED VERDICT: see directed verdict
FALSE VERDICT: a manifestly unjust verdict; one not true to the evidence, arrived at by any process (such as a coin flip or a quotient verdict) that departs from the legitimate methods by which jurors may reach a decision. When such a verdict is rendered, the court can enter a judgment n.o.v ("notwithstanding the verdict").
GENERAL VERDICT: ordinary verdict declaring simply which party prevails, without any special findings of fact.
PARTIAL VERDICT: in criminal law, a finding that the defendant is guilty of certain charges but innocent of others.
QUOTIENT VERDICT: improper and unacceptable kind of compromise verdict resulting from an agreement by the jurors that their verdict will be an award of damages in an amount to be determined by the addition of all jurors' computations of damages and its division by the number of jurors.
SPECIAL VERDICT: one rendered on certain specific factual issues posed by the court. The special verdict requires the jury to make a specific finding on each ultimate fact put in issue by the pleadings rather than a general finding for one party or the other. The court will then apply the law to those found facts
Source: Barron's Dictionary of Legal Terms, Steven H. Gifis, 5th Edition; © 2016