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a judicial remedy awarded to restrain a particular activity;
first used by courts of equity to prevent conduct contrary to equity and good conscience.
The injunction is a preventive measure to guard against future injuries, rather than one that affords a remedy for past injuries.
FINAL INJUNCTIONS: see PERMANENT [FINAL] INJUNCTIONS (below).
INTERLOCUTORY INJUNCTIONS: see TEMPORARY [INTERLOCUTORY] INJUNCTIONS (below).
MANDATORY INJUNCTION: one requiring positive action, rather than one forbidding a party to act. EXAMPLE: a landlord refuses to supply his tenants with heat during the winter months. Regardless of the reasons for the landlord's action, a court might issue a mandatory injunction forcing the landlord to supply heat.'
PERMANENT INJUNCTION: one issued upon completion of a trial in which the injunction has been actively sought.
TEMPORARY [INTERLOCUTORY] INJUNCTION: one that will expire at a particular time, and that is typically used to maintain the status quo or preserve the subject matter of the litigation during trial.
Source: Barron's Dictionary of Legal Terms, Steven H. Gifis, 5th Edition; © 2016